To harvest the honey, we first open the hive and lift off the supers that we want to take. If there is a flow of pollen going on, the bees are quite calm while we do this. They are generally happier when the sun is shining and lots of flowers are blooming. However, if it is cool, or windy or flowers aren’t blooming, or it’s late in the day, the bees will get quite upset with us for lifting off the lid of the hive. Although we are as gentle as possible, gentle on a human scale is devastating to the tiny bee. While the workers are dehydrating nectar and maintaining a constant temperature inside the hive, we invaders are at the very least are letting a huge draft of air in.
Even if many bees are out collecting pollen and nectar, there are many other worker bees left in the super. To separate the bees from their honey, we place a bee excluder under the supers we want to take, put the super back on the hive and replace the lid. The bee excluder allows the bees to get out of the super, but not to return.
About 24 hours later we return, take the lid off and remove the super again. This time it will be relatively bee free. We also take off the bee excluder and save it for future use. Often we give the hive an empty super at this time.
Once we’ve stolen the honey, we process it as little as possible. Since we find that the tools often used in extracting honey such as a hot knife to uncap the comb and a centrifuge to get the honey out of the comb, changes the flavor of the honey, we don’t do use these tools. Instead we simply cap the honey rounds or let the honey drip through a sieve.
The result is honey that is as close to what the bees made as possible.
I am new to bee keeping. Can you tel me how to make a bee excluder?
Unfortunately I have not made my own bee excluder and am not able to answer your question. I’ve purchased queen bee excluders and escape boards from Brushy Mountain Bee Farm with great success. Assuming you are asking about the escape board which allows the bees to leave the honey but not return, here is the link: http://www.brushymountainbeefarm.com/8-Frame-Escape-Screen/productinfo/254ES/